• 3月 5, 2021

以下列出的是2020年美国公民归化入籍考试的128个问题。这些问题涵盖了有关美国政府和历史的重要知识点。对这些提目和答案,我们整理了中英文的对照,希望能帮助要入籍的读者。同时,如果您对美国的文化历史感兴趣,这也不失为一个好的介绍和概览。

公民入籍考试是口试,USCIS官员会要求您回答128个公民测验题中的20个。您必须正确回答至少12个问题(60%),才能通过2020年入籍考试。

在入籍考试中,某些答案可能会因选举或任命而改变。请访问USCIS的考试更新页面获得最新信息。

尽管美国公民及移民服务局意识到这些入籍问题可能还有其他正确答案,但仍鼓励申请人使用以下提供的答案回答问题。

65/20特殊考虑

如果您年满65岁,并且已经以合法的美国永久居民身份在美国居住了20年以上,那么您可以仅学习在以下标有星号(*)的20个问题。您也可以使用您选择的语言参加公民测验。入籍考试时,USCIS官员会要求您回答20个带星号问题中的10个。您必须正确回答10个问题中的至少6个(或60%)才能通过2020年公民入籍考试。

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT美国政府
A: Principles of American GovernmentA. 美国政府原则
  
1. What is the form of government of the United States?1. 美国的政府形式是什么?
Republic共和国
Constitution-based federal republic基于宪法的联邦共和国
Representative democracy代议制民主
  
2. What is the supreme law of the land?*2.该国的最高法律是什么?*
(U.S.) Constitution(美国)宪法
  
3. Name one thing the U.S. Constitution does.3.列举美国宪法的一个作用。
Forms the government组建政府
Defines powers of government定义政府权力
Defines the parts of government定义政府部门
Protects the rights of the people保护人民的权利
  
4. The U.S. Constitution starts with the words “We the People.” What does “We the People” mean?4.美国宪法以我们人民开头。我们人民是什么意思?
Self-government自治
Popular sovereignty人民主权
Consent of the governed被统治者的同意
People should govern themselves人们应该管治自己
(Example of) social contract社会契约(的例子)
  
5. How are changes made to the U.S. Constitution?5.如何修改美国宪法?
Amendments修正案
The amendment process通过修宪程序
  
6. What does the Bill of Rights protect?6.人权法案保护什么?
(The basic) rights of Americans美国人民的(基本)权利
(The basic) rights of people living in the United States在美国居住的人民的(基本)权利
  
7. How many amendments does the U.S. Constitution have?*7.美国宪法有几项修正案?*
Twenty-seven (27)二十七(27)条
  
8. Why is the Declaration of Independence important?8.《独立宣言》为何重要?
It says America is free from British control.它宣布美国不受英国的控制。
It says all people are created equal.它宣布所有人都是平等的。
It identifies inherent rights.它确定了天赋人权。
It identifies individual freedoms.它确定了个人自由。
  
9. What founding document said the American colonies were free from Britain?9.什么建国文件说美国殖民地摆脱了英国的统治?
Declaration of Independence独立宣言
  
10. Name two important ideas from the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.10.从《独立宣言》和《美国宪法》中列举两个重要的思想。
Equality平等
Liberty自由
Social contract社会契约
Natural rights天赋人权
Limited government有限政府(即:政府的权利受到限制)
Self-government自治
  
11. The words “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” are in what founding document?11.哪一个建国创始文件中有生命,自由和追求幸福一句?
Declaration of Independence独立宣言
  
12. What is the economic system of the United States?*12.美国的经济制度是什么?*
Capitalism资本主义
Free market economy自由市场经济
  
13. What is the rule of law?13.什么是法治?
Everyone must follow the law.每个人都必须遵守法律。
Leaders must obey the law.领导人必须遵守法律。
Government must obey the law.政府必须遵守法律。
No one is above the law.没有人能超越法律。
  
14. Many documents influenced the U.S. Constitution. Name one.14.举一个影响了美国宪法的文件。
Declaration of Independence独立宣言
Articles of Confederation联邦条例
Federalist Papers联邦党人文集
Anti-Federalist Papers反联邦主义者文集
Virginia Declaration of Rights弗吉尼亚权利宣言
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut康涅狄格基本法令
Mayflower Compact五月花号公约
Iroquois Great Law of Peace易洛魁和平大法
  
15. There are three branches of government. Why?15.政府分为三个部门。为什么?
So one part does not become too powerful所以没有一个分支变得太强大
Checks and balances制衡
Separation of powers三权分立
  
B: System of GovernmentB:政府体制
  
16. Name the three branches of government.16.说出政府的三个部门。
Legislative, executive, and judicial立法,行政和司法
Congress, president, and the courts国会,总统和法院
  
17. The President of the United States is in charge of which branch of government?17.美国总统负责哪个政府分支?
Executive branch行政部门
  
18. What part of the federal government writes laws?18.联邦政府的哪一分支制定法律?
(U.S.) Congress(美国)国会
(U.S. or national) legislature(美国或国家)立法机关
Legislative branch立法分支
  
19. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?19.美国国会有两个部分?
Senate and House (of Representatives)参议院和众议院
  
20. Name one power of the U.S. Congress.*20.列举美国国会的一项权力。*
Writes laws制定法律
Declares war宣战
Makes the federal budget制定联邦预算
  
21. How many U.S. senators are there?21.美国有多少位参议员?
One hundred (100)一百(100)位
  
22. How long is a term for a U.S. senator?22.美国参议员的任期是多长时间?
Six (6) years六(6)年
  
23. Who is one of your state’s U.S. senators now?23.请说出您所在州的一个美国参议员的名字?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. senators.]答案因州而异。 [哥伦比亚特区居民和美属领地居民应回答哥伦比亚特区(或申请人居住的领地)没有美国参议员。]
  
24. How many voting members are in the House of Representatives?24.众议院有多少有投票权的议员?
Four hundred thirty-five (435)435(435)位
  
25. How long is a term for a member of the House of Representatives?25.众议院议员任期是多长时间?
Two (2) years两(2)年
  
26. Why do U.S. representatives serve shorter terms than U.S. senators?26.为什么美国众议员的任期比美国参议员的任期短?
To more closely follow public opinion为了更贴近民意
  
27. How many senators does each state have?27.每个州有多少位参议员?
Two (2)两(2)位
  
28. Why does each state have two senators?28.为什么每个州都有两名参议员?
Equal representation (for small states)为了让每个州在联邦都有平等的发言权,尤其是人口较少的州
The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)康涅狄格妥协案
  
29. Name your U.S. representative.29. 请说出您所在选区美国众议员的名字。
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]答案会不一样。 [具有不带表决权的代表或常驻专员的领地居民可以提供该代表或专员的姓名,或者也可以说该领地在国会没有(表决)代表。]
  
30. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?*30.众议院议长现在叫什么名字?*
Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives.请访问uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates以获取众议院议长的姓名。
  
31. Who does a U.S. senator represent?31.美国参议员代表谁?
Citizens of their state代表所在州的公民
  
32. Who elects U.S. senators?32.由谁选举美国参议员?
Citizens from their state他们所在州的公民
  
33. Who does a member of the House of Representatives represent?33.众议院议员代表谁?
Citizens in their (congressional) district他们所在的(国会)选区的公民
Citizens in their district他们所在选区的公民
  
34. Who elects members of the House of Representatives?34.由谁选举众议院议员?
Citizens from their (congressional) district所在(国会)选区的公民
  
35. Some states have more representatives than other states. Why?35.一些州的众议员人数超过其他州。为什么?
(Because of) the state’s population(由于)该州的人口
(Because) they have more people(因为)这些州人口更多
(Because) some states have more people(因为)有些州人口更多
  
36. The President of the United States is elected for how many years?*36.美国总统每届任期多少年?*
Four (4) years四(4)年
  
37. The President of the United States can serve only two terms. Why?37.美国总统最多只能担任两个任期。为什么?
(Because of) the 22nd Amendment(因为)第22修正案
To keep the president from becoming too powerful为了防止总统权力变得太大
  
38. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*38.美国总统现在的名字是什么?*
Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the President of the United States.访问uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates以获取美国总统的名字。
  
39. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?*39.现在美国副总统叫什么名字?*
Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Vice President of the United States.访问uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates以获取美国副总统的姓名。
  
40. If the president can no longer serve, who becomes president?40.如果总统不能履职,谁将成为总统?
The Vice President (of the United States)(美国)副总统
  
41. Name one power of the president.41.列举总统的一项权力。
Signs bills into law将法案签署为法律
Vetoes bills否决法案
Enforces laws执法
Commander in Chief (of the military)(美国军队的)统帅
Chief diplomat首席外交官
  
42. Who is Commander in Chief of the U.S. military?42.美国三军统帅是谁?
The President (of the United States)美国总统
  
43. Who signs bills to become laws?43.谁签署法案成为法律?
The President (of the United States)美国总统
  
44. Who vetoes bills?*44.谁可以否决法案?*
The President (of the United States)美国总统
  
45. Who appoints federal judges?45.谁任命联邦法官?
The President (of the United States)美国总统
  
46. The executive branch has many parts. Name one.46.行政分支包括许多部门。请列举一个部门
President (of the United States)(美国)总统
Cabinet内阁
Federal departments and agencies联邦部门和机构
  
47. What does the President’s Cabinet do?47.总统的内阁是干什么的?
Advises the President (of the United States)向(美国)总统提供建议
  
48. What are two Cabinet-level positions?48.请说出两个内阁级别的职位?
Attorney General总检察长
Secretary of Agriculture农业部长
Secretary of Commerce商务部长
Secretary of Defense国防部长
Secretary of Education教育部长
Secretary of Energy能源部长
Secretary of Health and Human Services卫生与公共服务部长
Secretary of Homeland Security国土安全部部长
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development住房和城市发展部长
Secretary of the Interior内政部长
Secretary of Labor劳工部长
Secretary of State国务卿
Secretary of Transportation运输部长
Secretary of the Treasury财政部长
Secretary of Veterans Affairs退伍军人事务部长
Vice President (of the United States)副总统
  
49. Why is the Electoral College important?49.选举人团为何重要?
It decides who is elected president.它决定谁当选总统。
It provides a compromise between the popular election of the president and congressional selection.它在实际直选票数与国会代表票数之间做出了折衷。
  
50. What is one part of the judicial branch?50.请列举司法分支的一个组成部分?
Supreme Court最高法院
Federal Courts联邦法院
  
51. What does the judicial branch do?51.美国司法部门做些什么?
Reviews laws审查法律
Explains laws解释法律
Resolves disputes (disagreements) about the law解决有关法律的争议(分歧)
Decides if a law goes against the (U.S.) Constitution决定法律是否违反(美国)宪法
  
52. What is the highest court in the United States?*52.美国最高法庭是什么?*
Supreme Court联邦最高法院
  
53. How many seats are on the Supreme Court?53.最高法院有几个席位?
Nine (9)九(9)个
  
54. How many Supreme Court justices are usually needed to decide a case?54.决定一个案件通常需要多少位最高法院法官裁决?
Five (5)五(5)位
  
55. How long do Supreme Court justices serve?55.最高法院大法官任职多长时间?
(For) life终生
Lifetime appointment终身任职
(Until) retirement直到退休
  
56. Supreme Court justices serve for life. Why?56.最高法院大法官终身任职。为什么?
To be independent (of politics)这样他们可以独立于政治之外
To limit outside (political) influence限制外部(政治)影响力
  
57. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?57.现在谁是美国最高法院的首席大法官?
Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Chief Justice of the United States.请访问uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates以获取美国首席大法官的姓名。
  
58. Name one power that is only for the federal government.58.列出联邦政府专有的一种权力。
Print paper money印制钞票
Mint coins铸造硬币
Declare war宣战
Create an army建立军队
Make treaties订立条约
Set foreign policy制定外交政策
  
59. Name one power that is only for the states.59.列出州政府专有的一种权力。
Provide schooling and education提供上学和教育
Provide protection (police)提供保护(警察)
Provide safety (fire departments)提供安全(消防部门)
Give a driver’s license颁发驾驶执照
Approve zoning and land use批准分区和土地使用
  
60. What is the purpose of the 10th Amendment?60.第十修正案的目的是什么?
(It states that the) powers not given to the federal government belong to the states or to the people.(它指出)未赋予联邦政府的权力属于州或人民。
  
61. Who is the governor of your state now?*61.您现在的州长是谁?*
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a governor.]答案会不一样。 [哥伦比亚居民区应回答哥伦比亚特区没有州长。]
  
62. What is the capital of your state?62.您所在州的首府是哪里?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]答案会不一样。 [哥伦比亚特区居民应回答哥伦比亚特区不是州,也没有首府。美属领地的居民应命名该领地的首府。]
  
C: Rights and ResponsibilitiesC:权利和责任
  
63. There are four amendments to the U.S. Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.63.美国宪法对投票选举权有四个修正案。请列举其中之一。
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).十八岁(18岁)以上的公民(可以投票)。
You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.您无需支付人头税即可投票。
Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)任何公民都可以投票,不论男女
A male citizen of any race (can vote).任何种族的男性公民可以投票。
  
64. Who can vote in federal elections, run for federal office, and serve on a jury in the United States?64.谁可以在联邦选举中投票,竞选联邦公职并在美国担任陪审团成员?
Citizens公民
Citizens of the United States美利坚合众国公民
U.S. citizens美国公民
  
65. What are three rights of everyone living in the United States?65.生活在美国的每个人有哪三项权利?
Freedom of expression表达自由
Freedom of speech言论自由
Freedom of assembly集会自由
Freedom to petition the government向政府自由请愿
Freedom of religion宗教自由
The right to bear arms携带武器的权利
  
66. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?*66.当我们宣誓效忠时,我们对什么宣誓?
The United States美国
The flag美国国旗
  
67. Name two promises that new citizens make in the Oath of Allegiance.67.列举入籍宣誓誓言中所作的两项承诺。
Give up loyalty to other countries放弃效​​忠其他国家
Defend the (U.S.) Constitution捍卫(美国)宪法
Obey the laws of the United States遵守美国法律
Serve in the military (if needed)在国家需要时参军
Serve (help, do important work for) the nation (if needed)在国家需要时为国效力
Be loyal to the United States忠于美国
  
68. How can people become United States citizens?68.人们如何成为美国公民?
Naturalize归化
Derive citizenship派生公民
Be born in the United States生于美国
  
69. What are two examples of civic participation in the United States?69.列举两个在美国参与公民政治的例子?
Vote投票
Run for office竞选公职
Join a political party加入政党
Help with a campaign帮助竞选
Join a civic group加入公民团体
Join a community group加入社区团体
Give an elected official your opinion (on an issue)向一个民选官员就议题表达意见
Contact elected officials联系民选官员
Support or oppose an issue or policy支持或反对某项议题或政策
Write to a newspaper向报纸投稿
  
70. What is one way Americans can serve their country?70.列举美国人为国家服务的一种方式?
Vote投票
Pay taxes交税
Obey the law遵守法律
Serve in the military服兵役
Run for office竞选公职
Work for local, state, or federal government为地方、州或联邦政府工作
  
71. Why is it important to pay federal taxes?71.为什么缴纳联邦税很重要?
Required by law是法律要求
All people pay to fund the federal government所有人都要为联邦政府提供资金
Required by the (U.S.) Constitution (16th Amendment)(美国)宪法(第16修正案)要求
Civic duty公民的义务
  
72. It is important for all men age 18 through 25 to register for the Selective Service. Name one reason why.72.为什么所有1825岁的男性都必须注册兵役。列举原因之一。
Required by law法律要求
Civic duty公民的义务
Makes the draft fair, if needed在需要时能公平征兵
  
AMERICAN HISTORY美国历史
A: Colonial Period and Independence答:殖民时期与独立
  
73. The colonists came to America for many reasons. Name one.73.殖民者来到美国的原因很多,请列举一项原因。
Freedom自由
Political liberty政治自由
Religious freedom宗教自由
Economic opportunity经济机会
Escape persecution逃避迫害
  
74. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?*74.在欧洲人到达之前谁曾在美国生活?
American Indians美洲印第安人
Native Americans美洲土著
  
75. What group of people was taken and sold as slaves?75.哪一些人被掠作奴隶买卖?
Africans非洲人
People from Africa来自非洲的人
  
76. What war did the Americans fight to win independence from Britain?76.美国为赢得从英国独立而打了哪一场战争?
American Revolution美国大革命
The (American) Revolutionary War(美国)革命战争
War for (American) Independence(美国)独立战争
  
77. Name one reason why the Americans declared independence from Britain.77.请列举美国人宣布脱离英国独立的原因之一。
High taxes高税收
Taxation without representation交税却无代表权
British soldiers stayed in Americans’ houses (boarding, quartering)英国士兵强住在美国人家里
They did not have self-government没有自治权
Boston Massacre波士顿大屠杀
Boston Tea Party (Tea Act)波士顿倾茶事件
Stamp Act印花税法
Sugar Act糖法
Townshend Acts汤申法案
Intolerable (Coercive) Acts不可忍受的(强制性)法案
  
78. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?*78.谁写了《独立宣言》?
(Thomas) Jefferson托马斯·杰斐逊
  
79. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?79.《独立宣言》何时获得通过?
July 4, 17761776年7月4日
  
80. The American Revolution had many important events. Name one.80.美国大革命发生了许多重要事件,请列举一个事件。
(Battle of) Bunker Hill邦克山(战役)
Declaration of Independence独立宣言
Washington Crossing the Delaware (Battle of Trenton)华盛顿横渡特拉华河(特伦顿战役)
(Battle of) Saratoga萨拉托加战役
Valley Forge (Encampment)福吉谷修整
(Battle of) Yorktown (British surrender at Yorktown)约克镇战役(英国在约克镇投降)
  
81. There were 13 original states. Name five.81.美国首批有13个州宣布独立,请列举五个州。
New Hampshire新罕布什尔
Massachusetts马萨诸塞州
Rhode Island罗德岛
Connecticut康乃狄克州
New York纽约
New Jersey新泽西州
Pennsylvania宾夕法尼亚州
Delaware特拉华州
Maryland马里兰州
Virginia维吉尼亚州
North Carolina北卡罗来纳
South Carolina南卡罗来纳
Georgia佐治亚州
  
82. What founding document was written in 1787?82. 哪一个建国文件是写于1787年?
(U.S.) Constitution(美国)宪法
  
83. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.83.《联邦党人文集》支持通过美国宪法,请列举其中一位作者。
(James) Madison(詹姆斯)麦迪逊
(Alexander) Hamilton(亚历山大)汉密尔顿
(John) Jay(约翰)杰伊
Publius普布利乌斯
  
84. Why were the Federalist Papers important?84.为什么《联邦党人文集》很重要?
They helped people understand the (U.S.) Constitution.他们帮助人们了解(美国)宪法。
They supported passing the (U.S.) Constitution.他们支持了通过(美国)宪法。
  
85. Benjamin Franklin is famous for many things. Name one.85.本杰明·富兰克林以许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
Founded the first free public libraries建立第一个免费的公共图书馆
First Postmaster General of the United States美国第一任邮政局长
Helped write the Declaration of Independence帮助撰写独立宣言
Inventor发明家
U.S. diplomat美国外交官
  
86. George Washington is famous for many things. Name one.*86.乔治华盛顿以许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
“Father of Our Country”“国父”
First president of the United States美国第一任总统
General of the Continental Army“大陆军”将军
President of the Constitutional Convention制宪会议主席
  
87. Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. Name one.87.托马斯·杰斐逊以许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
Writer of the Declaration of Independence独立宣言作者
Third president of the United States美国第三任总统
Doubled the size of the United States (Louisiana Purchase)通过路易斯安那购买案使美国领土扩大了一倍
First Secretary of State国务卿
Founded the University of Virginia创办弗吉尼亚大学
Writer of the Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom弗吉尼亚宗教自由法的作者
  
88. James Madison is famous for many things. Name one.88.詹姆斯·麦迪逊因许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
“Father of the Constitution”“宪法之父”
Fourth president of the United States美国第四任总统
President during the War of 18121812年战争期间的总统
One of the writers of the Federalist Papers《联邦党人文集》的作者之一
  
89. Alexander Hamilton is famous for many things. Name one.89.亚历山大·汉密尔顿因许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
First Secretary of the Treasury第一任财政部长
One of the writers of the Federalist Papers《联邦党人文集》的作者之一
Helped establish the First Bank of the United States帮助建立了美国第一家银行
Aide to General George Washington乔治·华盛顿将军的助手
Member of the Continental Congress大陆会议成员
  
B: 1800sB:十九世纪
  
90. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?90. 1803年美国从法国购买了哪块领土?
Louisiana Territory路易斯安那领地
Louisiana路易斯安那
  
91. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.91.列举美国在1800年代打过的一场战争。
War of 18121812年战争
Mexican-American War美墨战争
Civil War内战
Spanish-American War美西战争
  
92. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.92.美国南北之间的战争叫什么。
The Civil War内战
  
93. The Civil War had many important events. Name one.93.内战有许多重要事件,请列举其中之一。
(Battle of) Fort Sumter萨姆特堡(战斗)
Emancipation Proclamation解放奴隶宣言
(Battle of) Vicksburg维克斯堡战役
(Battle of) Gettysburg葛底斯堡战役
Sherman’s March谢尔曼进军
(Surrender at) Appomattox阿波马托克斯投降
(Battle of) Antietam/Sharpsburg安提坦战役/夏普斯堡战役
Lincoln was assassinated.林肯被暗杀。
  
94. Abraham Lincoln is famous for many things. Name one.*94.亚伯拉罕·林肯以许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)解放奴隶(解放奴隶宣言)
Saved (or preserved) the Union拯救了美国联邦
Led the United States during the Civil War内战期间领导美国
16th president of the United States美国第十六任总统
Delivered the Gettysburg Address葛底斯堡演说
  
95. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?95.《解放奴隶宣言》产生了什么作用?
Freed the slaves解放了奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederacy解放南方邦联的奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederate states解放南方邦联各州的奴隶
Freed slaves in most Southern states在南部大多数州释放奴隶
  
96. What U.S. war ended slavery?96.美国哪一个战争结束了奴隶制?
The Civil War内战
  
97. What amendment gives citizenship to all persons born in the United States?97.哪项修正案赋予在美国出生的所有人公民身份?
14th Amendment第十四修正案
  
98. When did all men get the right to vote?98.何时起所有男性都获得投票权?
After the Civil War内战之后
During Reconstruction美国重建时期
(With the) 15th Amendment第十五修正案后
18701870年
  
99. Name one leader of the women’s rights movement in the 1800s.99.列举一位十九世纪女权运动的领导人。
Susan B. Anthony苏珊·安东尼
Elizabeth Cady Stanton伊丽莎白·卡迪·斯坦顿
Sojourner Truth索杰纳·特魯思
Harriet Tubman哈丽特·塔布曼
Lucretia Mott露西莉娅·莫特
Lucy Stone露西·斯通
  
C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical InformationC:美国近代及其他重要历史
  
100. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.100.列举美国在二十世纪打过的一场战争。
World War I第一次世界大战
World War II第二次世界大战
Korean War朝鲜战争
Vietnam War越南战争
(Persian) Gulf War(波斯)海湾战争
  
101. Why did the United States enter World War I?101.美国为什么要参加第一次世界大战?
Because Germany attacked U.S. (civilian) ships因为德国袭击了美国(民用)船只
To support the Allied Powers (England, France, Italy, and Russia)支持协约国(英格兰,法国,意大利和俄罗斯)
To oppose the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria)反对同盟国(德国,奥匈帝国,奥斯曼帝国和保加利亚)
  
102. When did all women get the right to vote?102.何时所有女性获得投票权?
19201920年
After World War I第一次世界大战后
(With the) 19th Amendment第十九修正案生效后
  
103. What was the Great Depression?103.大萧条是指什么?
Longest economic recession in modern history现代历史上最长的经济衰退
  
104. When did the Great Depression start?104.大萧条何时开始?
The Great Crash (1929)1929年华尔街股灾
Stock market crash of 19291929年的股市崩盘
  
105. Who was president during the Great Depression and World War II?105.在大萧条和第二次世界大战期间,谁担任总统?
(Franklin) Roosevelt富兰克林·罗斯福
  
106. Why did the United States enter World War II?106.美国为什么要参加第二次世界大战?
(Bombing of) Pearl Harbor珍珠港(遭到轰炸)
Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor日军袭击珍珠港
To support the Allied Powers (England, France, and Russia)支持盟国(英格兰,法国和俄罗斯)
To oppose the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan)反对轴心国(德国,意大利和日本)
  
107. Dwight Eisenhower is famous for many things. Name one.107.德怀特·艾森豪威尔(Dwight Eisenhower)因许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
General during World War II第二次世界大战期间的美军将军
President at the end of (during) the Korean War朝鲜战争结束期间的总统
34th president of the United States美国第34任总统
Signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 (Created the Interstate System)签署了1956年的《联邦援助公路法》(建立了州际公路系统)
  
108. Who was the United States’ main rival during the Cold War?108.冷战期间美国的主要竞争对手是谁?
Soviet Union前苏联
USSR苏联
Russia俄国
  
109. During the Cold War, what was one main concern of the United States?109.在冷战期间,美国的主要关注点是什么?
Communism共产主义
Nuclear war核战争
  
110. Why did the United States enter the Korean War?110.美国为什么参与朝鲜战争?
To stop the spread of communism遏止共产主义的传播
  
111. Why did the United States enter the Vietnam War?111.美国为什么要参与越南战争?
To stop the spread of communism遏止共产主义的传播
  
112. What did the civil rights movement do?112.民权运动是为了什么?
Fought to end racial discrimination争取结束种族歧视
  
113. Martin Luther King, Jr. is famous for many things. Name one.*113.马丁·路德·金因许多事情而闻名,请列举其中之一。
Fought for civil rights争取民权
Worked for equality for all Americans为所有美国人争取平等
Worked to ensure that people would “not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character”努力确保人们“不以肤色,而以品格优劣而论”
  
114. Why did the United States enter the Persian Gulf War?114.美国为什么要参加波斯湾战争?
To force the Iraqi military from Kuwait迫使伊拉克从科威特撤军
  
115. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?*115. 2001911日在美国发生了什么重大事件?*
Terrorists attacked the United States恐怖分子袭击了美国
Terrorists took over two planes and crashed them into the World Trade Center in New York City恐怖分子劫持了两架飞机撞毁纽约世界贸易中心
Terrorists took over a plane and crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia恐怖分子劫持飞机并撞入弗吉尼亚州阿灵顿的五角大楼
Terrorists took over a plane originally aimed at Washington, D.C., and crashed in a field in Pennsylvania恐怖分子劫持一架飞机,最初打算飞往华盛顿特区,最后坠毁在宾夕法尼亚州的一个野外
  
116. Name one U.S. military conflict after the September 11, 2001 attacks.116.请列举一场在2001911日的恐怖袭击之后的美国军事行动。
(Global) War on Terror全球反恐战争
War in Afghanistan阿富汗战争
War in Iraq伊拉克战争
  
117. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.117.请列举美国的一个印第安人部落。
Apache阿帕奇
Blackfeet黑脚
Cayuga卡尤加
Cherokee切诺基
Cheyenne夏安
Chippewa奇佩瓦
Choctaw乔克托
Creek
Crow乌鸦
Hopi霍皮族
Huron休伦
Inupiat失言
Lakota拉科塔
Mohawk莫霍克族
Mohegan莫赫甘
Navajo纳瓦霍人
Oneida奥尼达
Onondaga奥农达加
Pueblo普韦布洛
Seminole塞米诺尔
Seneca塞内卡
Shawnee肖妮
Sioux苏族
Teton提顿
Tuscarora塔斯卡罗拉
For a complete list of tribes, please visit bia.gov.有关部落的完整列表,请访问bia.gov。
  
118. Name one example of an American innovation.118.请列举美国的一个发明创造。
Light bulb灯泡
Automobile (cars, internal combustion engine)汽车(轿车,内燃机)
Skyscrapers摩天楼
Airplane飞机
Assembly line流水线
Landing on the moon登陆月球
Integrated circuit (IC)集成电路(IC)
  
SYMBOLS AND HOLIDAYS标志和假日
  
A: SymbolsA:标志
  
119. What is the capital of the United States?119.美国的首都是哪里?
Washington, D.C.华盛顿特区。
  
120. Where is the Statue of Liberty?120.自由女神像在哪里?
New York (Harbor)纽约(纽约港)
Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]自由岛[也可以接受的答案是新泽西州,靠近纽约市,以及哈德逊河上。]
  
121. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?*121.为什么国旗有13道条纹?*
(Because there were) 13 original colonies(因为有)美国最初是英国的13个殖民地
(Because the stripes) represent the original colonies(因为条纹)代表美国建国的13个殖民地
  
122. Why does the flag have 50 stars?122.为什么国旗有50个星星?
(Because there is) one star for each state因为每一个州有一个星星
(Because) each star represents a state因为每个星星代表一个州
(Because there are) 50 states因为有50个州
  
123. What is the name of the national anthem?123.国歌的名字是什么?
The Star-Spangled Banner星条旗之歌
  
124. The Nation’s first motto was “E Pluribus Unum.” What does that mean?124.国家的第一个座右铭是“ E Pluribus Unum”。那是什么意思?
Out of many, one合众为一
We all become one我们都合而为一
  
B: HolidaysB:节日
  
125. What is Independence Day?125.独立日是什么节日?
A holiday to celebrate U.S. independence (from Britain)庆祝美国(脱离英国)独立的节日
The country’s birthday美国的生日
  
126. Name three national U.S. holidays.*126.列出三个美国国家法定假日。*
New Year’s Day元旦
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day马丁·路德·金日
Presidents Day (Washington’s Birthday)总统日(华盛顿诞辰)
Memorial Day阵亡将士纪念日
Independence Day独立日
Labor Day劳动节
Columbus Day哥伦布日
Veterans Day退伍军人节
Thanksgiving Day感恩节
Christmas Day圣诞节
  
127. What is Memorial Day?127.阵亡将士纪念日是什么节日?
A holiday to honor soldiers who died in military service是为纪念在战争中牺牲的士兵的节日
  
128. What is Veterans Day?128. 退伍军人节是什么节日?
A holiday to honor people in the (U.S.) military纪念美国军人的节日
A holiday to honor people who have served (in the U.S. military)纪念退伍军人的节日

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